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BLOOD CLOTS IN THE LEGS

What are BLOOD CLOTS?

Blood circulates via veins and blood vessels (arteries and veins) and constantly moves as the heart circulates blood through arteries to different parts (organs, glands, cells and more.) blood clots

It is return to the heart through the body’s movement. Muscles push blood through veins to return it to the heart. In the absence of movement, blood tends to stagnate due to gravity. Blood stagnant tends to form blood clots.

The process of blood clotting is a crucial method to assist the body in healing damaged blood vessels.

The blood of a person is compose of:

* Blood cells of red that contain hemoglobin which carry oxygen to cells and eliminate carbon dioxide (the byproduct of metabolism),

*White blood cells, which combat infection

* Platelets are a part of the process of clotting the body.

* Blood plasma is a mixture of liquid, chemicals and proteins essential to bodily functions.

Complex mechanisms exist within the bloodstream to create blood clots in areas where they are require. If the linings of blood vessels are injure. The platelets get brought into the damaged area to create an early plug.

They release chemicals that trigger a clotting process triggered by several clotting agents produced in the human body. In the end, fibrin is create as a protein, which binds with itself, forming the mesh that forms the blood clot.

The medical term for blood clots is thrombus (plural, pronounced thrombi). When a thrombus develops in the normal process of repair for the body, it has no consequence. If the “thrombus” (blood clot) occurs when it’s not need, it may cause serious effects.

What are the SYMPTOMS and SIGNS of BLOOD CLOTHS?

The signs and signs of blood clots in the veins

Blood clots within the veins prevent blood from being able to flow back to the heart. The symptoms appear due to this “damming impact.” The clots typically form in the legs and arms. Symptoms include:

Swelling

Warmth

Redness

Pain

Most often, only one of the legs or arms is affect, and swelling lasts several hours. Since the arm or leg gets hot, red and swollen, it can be difficult to determine if the cause is DVT (deep vein thrombosis) or an infection.

The signs and symptoms of blood clots that are present in the arteries

The arteries are clogged with blood clots and hinder blood flow to the affect region. The body tissue deficient in oxygen and blood starts to die and becomes Ischemic. The symptoms shows within the arteries vary depending on the area of the clot. Arterial blood clots cause diseases and diseases that are medical emergencies.

Heart attack:

Blood clots that form in the coronary arteries of the heart can cause an attack the heart. Heart attack symptoms can include:

Pain in the chest or pressure

Breathing shortness

Nausea

Sweating

Indigestion

The pain can also radiate into the jaw, arm, or back.

Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA or “mini-stroke”):

Blood clots that block arteries in the brain can cause a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA). The symptoms could include:

Speech loss

Vision loss

Profound dizziness

• Weakness or loss of sensation on the opposite part of your body

FAST is the tool used to recall the symptoms of stroke?

Facial drooping

Arm weakness

Speech difficulties

*Time (Time is essential to reverse the stroke process. Make a call to 911 and take yourself to the hospital.)

Blood clots in mesenteric arteries connecting the intestine could cause abdominal pain, severe nausea, vomiting, bloating and blood in the stool. This is known as mesenteric ischemia.

What are the riskiest factors in forming BLOOD CLOTHING?

The risks for arterial clots include the same for any disease that causes the narrowing of blood vessels and cholesterol plaque formation and plaque rupture, such as:

High Blood pressure

The levels of cholesterol are high.

Diabetic

Smoking

A family history that suggests an early stroke or heart attack

* Cancer

The veins of blood clots occur for two major reasons: 1.) the inability to move and) genetic defects in the clotting mechanism. Other risks include smoking cigarettes and the use of birth control pills.

1. In most cases, when the body ceases to move, the chance is increases since muscles are required to move blood towards the heart. Blood that is stagnant in a vein is more likely to form clots. Some examples of how blood clots can occur due to the lack of movement can be:

Being in the hospital or bed after a surgery or illness

Traveling for long periods (such as a car, train, or plane) in which could spend hours without standing up or walking, and blood can build up in the leg veins and clot.

Orthopedic injuries or casts that have been place on broken bones or legs

In the process of undergoing knee or hip replacement

It is also a factor creating blood clots in the pelvis and legs because of the insufficient flow of blood returning to the heart.

* Immobility caused by paralysis resulting from stroke or spinal injury.

2. Genetic faults in the clotting mechanism There could be an inborn or genetic error in the mechanism for clotting, which makes someone hypercoagulable (hyper=more + coagulation = clotting) and more at risk of forming blood clots.

What are the procedures and tests to detect BLOOD CLOTS?

Examining for that originate from the venous vein

* Various methods could identify Ultrasound Venous blood clots at Chughtai lab report. However, ultrasound is the most frequently employed. Sometimes, the patient’s size and shape can limit the capacity of the person conducting the ultrasound to discern the veins.

* Venography test is a different test to detect the presence of a clot. In this procedure, the radiologist injects a color contrast agent into a tiny vein inside the foot or hand and then, using fluorescent imaging (video X-ray), observes how the dye fills the extremity veins while it travels into the heart. The location of clots or obstructions could be seen.

* CT scan A computerize imaging (CT scan) is usually the first test to be perform when the possibility of pulmonary embolus has been raised. Contrast material is inject intravenously, and the radiologist can determine whether a clot exists within the vessels in the pulmonary.

Contrast material injected into the body may irritate those kidney(s) and is not recommend for those with an impaired function of the kidneys.

In older patients, screening tests for blood (serum creatinine) to determine kidney function could be necessary before a dye test is contemplate. The radiologist will also be able to advise that the heart might be struggling to pump due to the number of clots which may be within the lung. The more clots there are in the lung, the more the heart must work to pump.

What is the Treatment for BLOOD CLOTHS? Is it possible to get rid of it without Treatment?

Depending on their location, blood clots can be treat with a high degree of urgency or be treat with Treatment for symptoms.

Blood clots that form in the superficial veins (venous blood clots)

* Clots may form in the deep or superficial veins in the legs.

Treatment for superficial blood clots is aim at reducing pain and inflammation using medications.

* The possibility of these clots forming and blocking (embolizing) within the vein that is very low due to the leg’s anatomy.

The special veins (perforator veins) connect the superficial and deep veins. They include valves as filters to stop blood clots from reaching the lung.

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